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Production Planning for Operational - MyAssignmenthelp.com
Question: Discuss about theProduction Planningfor Operational Management. Answer: Introduction The paper reflects on production planning in context to operational management in order to analyze its importance. According to Salomon (2013) production planning is defined as a procedure that is utilized for planning both productions as well as manufacturing modules within a company. Production planning is generally integrated within an organization for achieving efficient, effective as well as economical operation within the manufacturing unit. However, production planning also has several challenges, which must be resolved for having effective operation within an organization (Fitouhi and Nourelfath 2014). The problems include product cutback scheduling problem, process mix problem, basic scheduling problem and more. The main objective of this paper is to reflect the importance of production planning in relation with operational management and to elaborate the processes that are helpful in resolving the challenges for acquiring proper production management within an organization. In this assignment, various literatures are reviewed for elaborating the significance of production planning in context to operations management. The paper highlights the problem that production planning mainly faces and the procedures that are helpful in resolving the challenges by utilizing proper production management. Literature Review According to Gould et al. (2016) Production Planning is defined as a process that helps in fixing the goals of production for estimating the resources which are needed for achieving the goals of the organization. It helps in preparing a detailed plan, which is generally needed in order to achieve the goals of production efficiently, economically, as well as in time. It generally helps in forecasting each of the steps that is associated with the production process. It also assists in forecasting the challenges that generally rises in the production procedure. On the other hand, it is stated by Wang and Yeh (2014) operations management mainly involves in designing, controlling as well as overseeing the procedures of production in order to redesign business operations for producing proper goods and services. It is identified that the function of operations management generally varies with the purposes as well as objectives of the organization. Importance of Production Planning and Operations Management It is stated by Gong and Zhou (2013) that production is referred as a scientific procedure that is generally involves transformation of various types of raw material into appropriate products as well as services by adding appropriate economic value. Production planning as well as control system is generally integrated for effective, efficient as well as for achieving economical operations within the organization. On the other hand, it is opined by Zmijewski, Bottacin and Worman (2016) that production planning generally follows certain adoptions for product designing as well as finalizing. It is analyzed that before the actual procedure of production takes place, the activity of production planning is performed. It assists in determining proper sequence of operations, economic batch quantities, dispatching proper priorities and scheduling appropriate production. It is also considered as a coordinating agent, which assists in co-coordinating various activities of purchasing, production as well as engineering (Esteban Diaz and Handl 2015). It is identified that proper production planning system is quite helpful in providing better as well as much more economical towards the customers. The importance of production planning include better service to the customers, fewer rush orders, better control of inventory, effective use of equipment, reduces idle time, helps in improving the plant morale, assists in creating proper public image and also helps in lowering the capital requirements. According to Da Peidro and Mula (2015), Operation management generally refers to the administration of business practices for creating highest level of efficiency within a business organization. It mainly helps in converting raw materials as well as labor into proper goods and services effectively for maximizing the profit of an organization. Operations management generally take the attempt to balance both cost as well as revenue for achieving proper amount of profit. On the other hand, it is stated by Sucic et al.(2016) that operation management helps in identifying various needs of the customer in order to convert it properly into specific product or services. It is analyzed that depending on product requirement, it generally helps in identifying various required raw materials (Esteban and Handl 2015). The operations management also helps in engaging with both external as well as internal vendors for creating proper supply chain for both finished goods as well as raw material betwe en vendor, customers as well as production facility. Challenges Faced by Production Planning Production planning faces number of challenges which include loading, process planning, as well as scheduling. According to Mohammadi, Soleymani and Mozafari (2014), once the route of work is created then the work that is needed can be loaded with the help of proper selected machine as well as workstations. The total time that is needed for performing the entire operation is generally computed with the help of multiplication. On the other hand, it is opined by Parisio and Glielmo (2013) that scheduling is considered as one of the main functions of planning which helps in determining the duration of time that is needed in order to complete the task. Other key factor that generally helps in affecting the production planning include forecasting the expectations of the market, inventory control, availability of human resource as well as proper equipment, Processes for Resolving the Challenges of Production Planning It is analyzed that the most common problem that production planning faces is related with scheduling. It is identified that the problem of scheduling can be resolved by adopting some important steps. According to Li, Li and Feng (2014), the nature of shift that is used in organization is volatile and each of the staff brings their schedule as well as list of day when they are unable to work. In order to resolve the problem, juggling shifts is considered as one of the important step. On the other hand, it is stated by Esteban and Handl (2015) that employee availability is very much important this is because in the absence of an individual it is very much difficult to replace other individual. It is opined by Gong and Zhou (2013), that proper times between rotations are very much important. It is analyzed that it is considered as one of the best practice to have at least 12 hours gap between shifts. The other problems that are associated with production planning can be resolved by ado pting proper strategies. Evaluation According to (Fitouhi and Nourelfath 2014), predicting proper future of production planning is very much difficult. It is analyzed that technology plays an important role in the manufacturing unit in the coming future but it creates number of controversies among people. One of the most important ways that reflects that thing will change is with the help of automation. It is identified that number of facilities are helpful in upgrading the line of production with proper equipments that helps in producing improper involvement of the employees. On the other hand, it is stated by that programmable machines are generally utilized for producing numerous types of products which helps in providing excellent choices for both the laborers as well as domestic manufactures (Esteban and Handl 2015). As this type of innovation rises up noticeably less expensive as well as more available, manufacturing plants are generally dependent on these mixes of robots and PC. This helped machines to deliver differing products with high effectiveness. It is stated by Gong and Zhou (2013) that rather than having physically deciding arrangements, programming will have the capacity to complete it in a second and then transmit that calendar straightforwardly to the machines that are on the manufacturing plant floor. Productions lines will change for delivering diverse items without the impedance of human personnel. It will likewise have the capacity to robotize dispatching and sorting capacities. It is opined by Parisio and Glielmo (2013) that the capability of changing over product can also mean that more products are generally customized for meeting various demands of the customers. For example, rather than picking among a few pre-selected paint colors, an auto purchaser would be able to make their new auto's exceptional shade. Software will have the capacity to take that request and straightforwardly modify the sprayer machine on the industrial facility floor to coordinate the client's demand. It is analyzed that it also requires proper software system that is incapable of controlling the facility of the equipment. The software need is very much helpful in precisely controlling of the factory Zmijewski, Bottacin and Worman 2016). The capacity to change over generation rapidly implies that numerous more items will have the capacity to be modified to take care of individual client demand. It is also identified that automation will never again be important to track tremendous quantities of representatives, yet planning support and imperatives will turn out to be basically essential for an organization to control expenses and remain aggressive. Conclusions It can be concluded from the overall assignment that production planning plays an important role in managing various operations of the organization. Production planning is generally integrated within an organization for achieving efficient, effective as well as economical operation within the manufacturing unit. However, production planning also has several challenges, which must be resolved for having effective operation within an organization. The problems include product cutback scheduling problem, process mix problem, basic scheduling problem and more. The problems that are related with production planning can solved be adopting strategies factor that generally helps in affecting the production planning include forecasting the expectations of the market, inventory control, availability of human resource as well as proper equipment. It is analyzed that that nature of shift that is used in organization is volatile and each of the staff brings their schedule as well as list of day w hen they are unable to work. In order to resolve the problem, juggling shifts is considered. References Daz-Madroero, M., Peidro, D. and Mula, J., 2015. A review of tactical optimization models for integrated production and transport routing planning decisions.Computers Industrial Engineering,88, pp.518-535. Esteban Diaz, J. and Handl, J., 2015. Implicit and Explicit Averaging Strategies for Simulation-Based Optimization of a Real-World Production Planning Problem.Informatica (03505596),39(2). Esteban Diaz, J. and Handl, J., 2015. 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