Saturday, April 27, 2019

Francis Bacon and Rene Descartes Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 words

Francis Bacon and Rene Descartes - Essay ExampleThe point is that Bacon considered the domain as perceptional, empirical thing, thats why the only knowledge that can be reliable for macrocosm is the perceptional one. Rational thinking only processes the empirical information. Descartes method or rational analysis of deduction is nearly thinking only. Descartes claims that any knowledge that we get must be questioned by doubt not to reconcile wrong and mistaken information for truth. By deduction Descartes means analyzing the reality by finding the most elementary truth, which lately will lead to some bigger truth and this consistent order of look for must reveal the origins of everything. But the main rule in this inquiry is to be sceptical, because only skeptical approach can discern wrong and truthful knowledge and select the appropriate one to scarper on in exploration. Bacons and Descartes methods are obviously totally different, because the fundamentals the thinkers use in their approaches are considered to be opposite. Descartes uses rational thinking and doubt-based analysis, while Bacon claims that the only thing researcher can rely on is empirical knowledge. Both Lockes and Hobbes political theories are based on the concept of social organisation (contract). But the main essential difference between the roles of government in these theories is in their opposite views on basis of society Hobbes claims that society is based on feud of pile with each other, when Locke says that it is equality what makes people to conclude social agreement.

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